五年级英语句型转换知识点整理,可以先收藏下

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  小学英语中的句型转换属于较难的题型,对孩子的英语综合能力有一定要求。除了必须掌握基础的词汇外,还要对语法知识和句子语序有很好的掌握,很多孩子在这种题型上失分比较严重,其实是他们没有掌握好方法。

  小学英语的句型转换就只有那几种类型,王老师告诉你只要掌握了方法,就不怕不会做啦!

  01

  肯定句改否定句的方法

  1、 在be动词后加not。如:is not , are not , am not

  2、 在can,should, will等后加not。

  如:can not, should not,will not;

  3、 上述都没有的,在动词前加助动词否定形式don’t/doesn’t/didn’t。

  4、 some 改成any。

  如: I am a girl. → I am not a girl.

  You are a student. →You are not a student.

  →You aren’t a student.

  This is Tom’s bag, → This is not Tom’s bag.→ This isn’t Tom’s bag.

  02

  肯定句改一般疑问句的方法

  1、把be动词放在句首,剩下的照抄,(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)句点改成问号。

  2、把can,shall, will等放到句首,剩下的照抄,(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)句点改成问号。

  3、上述都没有的,在句首请助动词Do/Does/Did帮忙,剩下的照抄,(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)句点改成问号。

  注意:句首的第一个字母要大写,句尾标点应为“?”。

  如:

  I am in Class 6. →Are you in Class 6?

  You are from America. →Are you from America?

  It is an orange. →Is it an orange?

  4、就一般疑问句回答

  一般疑问句有两种回答,即:肯定回答和否定回答。其中,肯定回答用yes,否定回答用no。 语句顺序为:Yes + 主语 + am /is/ are/was/were.|can.|do/does/did|; No + 主语+ am not/ isn’t/ aren’t

  如:

  —Are you an English teacher?→Yes, I am. /No, I am not.

  —Is that a bird? →Yes, it is./ No, it isn’t.

  03

  对划线部分提问

  “就划线部分提问”是小学阶段英语学习的难点,但是一旦掌握了规律,就变得容易多了。 小学英语对划线部分提问之答题口诀 :

  一代:用正确的疑问词代替划线部分

  二移:把疑问词移至句首

  三倒:颠倒主谓语,但对主语或其定语提问时除外(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)

  四抄:照抄句子剩余部分

  特殊疑问词的确定要根据划线内容而定,在小学阶段常出现的有以下几种:

  ①划线部分是“事或物”,特殊疑问词用what

  如: This is a book.---What is this?

  I often play football on Saturdays .---What do you often do on Saturdays ?

  ②划线部分是“人”,特殊疑问词用who

  如:He is my brother. ---Who is he ?

  ③划线部分是“地点”,特殊疑问词用where

  如:The box is on the desk.---Where is the box ?

  ④划线部分是“时间”,特殊疑问词用what time或when

  如:It's seven twenty . ---What time is it ?

  I usually get up at six . --- When do you usually get up?

  ⑤划线部分是“年龄”,特殊疑问词用how old

  如:I am twelve . ---How old are you?

  My father is thirty-three . ---How old is your father ?

  ⑥划线部分是“职业”,特殊疑问词用what

  如:Mike is a worker. ---What is Mike ?

  ⑦划线部分是“颜色”,特殊疑问词用what colour

  如: My hat is blue . ---What colour is your hat?

  ⑧划线部分是“数量”,特殊疑问词用how many或how much

  如:I can see five kites .---How many kites can you see ?

  There is some milk in the glass. ---How much milk is there in the glass ?

  ⑨划线部分是“多少钱”,特殊疑问词用how much

  如:This pen is nine yuan . ---How much is this pen ?

  ⑩划线部分是“形容词性物主代词或名词性物主代词”,特殊疑问词用whose

  如:That is my book . ---Whose book is that ?

  The bag is yours. ---Whose is the bag ?

  一下口诀要牢记

  1.问“谁”用who;

  2.问“谁的”,用whose;

  3.问“地点哪里”,用where;

  4.问“原因”,用why;

  5.问“身体状况”,用how;

  6.问“方式”,用how;

  7.问“年龄”,用how old;

  8.问“多少”,用how many;

  9.问"价钱”用how much;

  10.问“哪一个”,用which ;

  11.问“什么”,用what;

  12.问“职业”,用what;

  13.问“颜色”,用what colour;

  14.问“星期”,用what day;

  15.问什么学科,用what subject;

  16.问“什么时候”,用when;

  17.问几点用What’s the time?或 What time is it?

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